Copper & Technology Metals


Demand to 2030, 2nd Edition

From $6,301/t in January, LME prices fell 27% to $4,617/t in March.  But a steady recovery saw prices regaining the pre COVID-19 high in late July, completing a full recovery in just six months and have since risen to above $6,700/t, a two year high.  A significant 40% fall in…

Find out more


Outlook to 2030, 10th Edition

Gallium melts in your mouth No, really, it does. Gallium has the longest liquid phase of any element and melts at about 30֯C before turning to gas at around 2,400֯C. A piece of gallium metal would melt in your mouth, or even your hand, and it’s not toxic so it…

Find out more


Global Industry, Markets & Outlook

Consumption of indium grew at an ever-increasing rate from 1990 to 2005 as new applications for indium, notably its use in indium tin oxide (ITO) stimulated demand. Growth slowed a little from 2005 to 2008 and the industry was badly hit by the global downturn in 2009. Market fundamentals began…

Find out more

Magnesium Metal

Outlook to 2030, 13th Edition

Global consumption of magnesium will rise by a CAGR of over 5% over the next decade, but with considerable regional differences in the pace of growth. China will experience much higher rates of increase than the ROW. Patterns of demand will also vary quite widely across end-use markets, with alloys…

Find out more


Outlook to 2029, 11th Edition

Rhenium is a high-value, low volume metal that is un-substitutable across many applications in which it is used. Consumption is estimated to have recovered to just under 75t in 2018, in line with growth across its main first-use markets — superalloys, catalysts, thermocouples and other hi-tech uses — following the phase-out of rhenium in…

Find out more


Outlook to 2029, 15th Edition

Tantalum is a critical material for high performance applications, but global production is relatively small and limited to a few key regions and producers. The regional distribution of tantalum production is currently in major flux. In recent years, low-cost Australian production as a by-product of lithium mining has grown rapidly…

Find out more


Outlook to 2030, 12th Edition

Besides well-known applications such as containers and traditional lead-acid batteries, tin is predicted to be the metal most impacted by the development of future technologies.

Find out more

Titanium Metal

Outlook to 2030, 10th Edition

The global titanium metal industry is on a long-term growth trend, and the 2014-2019 period saw rising output and trade along the whole supply chain. Exports of feedstocks increased significantly in 2019, with international sponge shipments estimated to have increased by around 20% y-o-y and exports of titanium scrap up…

Find out more


Outlook to 2029, 14th Edition

China has for several decades been the world’s largest mine and refined producer of tungsten, accounting for just over 80% of mine output in 2019, according to Roskill analysis, or some 61kt of contained tungsten metal. It is similarly dominant in the production of the tungsten intermediates ammonium paratungstate (APT)…

Find out more