Copper & Technology Metals

Copper

Demand to 2035, 1st Edition

Copper — The Electric Metal In 2000, 60% of global copper consumption was directly related to its electrical conductivity properties. The balance was accounted for by its properties of thermal conductivity, machinability, malleability, aesthetics and signal transfer. However, by 2018, electrical conductivity had grown to represent 79% of the over…

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GalliumPre-order

Outlook to 2029, 10th Edition

Demand for gallium, produced mainly as a by-product of zinc and bauxite ores, is expected to continue to grow during the next few years, driven by new applications such as fifth generation (5G) smartphones, wireless, and solar cells, and by the use of light-emitting diodes (LEDs), which are replacing incandescent…

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Indium

Global Industry, Markets & Outlook

Consumption of indium grew at an ever-increasing rate from 1990 to 2005 as new applications for indium, notably its use in indium tin oxide (ITO) stimulated demand. Growth slowed a little from 2005 to 2008 and the industry was badly hit by the global downturn in 2009. Market fundamentals began…

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Magnesium Metal

Global Industry, Markets & Outlook

World production of primary magnesium, reflecting that in China, rose by an average of 6%py from 500kt in 2002 to 940kt in 2014; preliminary data indicates that production in 2015 fell by 4% to about 900kt in 2015. In 2015, just seven countries reported production of primary magnesium metal. China’s…

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RheniumPre-order

Outlook to 2029, 11th Edition

Rhenium is a high-value, low volume metal that is un-substitutable across many applications in which it is used. Consumption is estimated to have recovered to just under 75t in 2018, in line with growth across its main first-use markets — superalloys, catalysts, thermocouples and other hi-tech uses — following the phase-out of rhenium in…

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TantalumPre-order

Outlook to 2029, 15th Edition

Tantalum is a critical material for high performance applications, but global production is relatively small and limited to a few key regions and producers. The regional distribution of tantalum production is currently in major flux. In recent years, low-cost Australian production as a by-product of lithium mining has grown rapidly…

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TinNew

Outlook to 2029, 11th Edition

Besides well-known applications such as containers and traditional lead-acid batteries, tin is predicted to be the metal most impacted by the development of future technologies.

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Titanium Metal

Outlook to 2029, 9th Edition

Production of titanium increased in 2018 along the entire supply chain. China remains the world’s largest sponge producer, both in terms of capacity and output, and has made a strong start to 2019 with significant increases in production reported for the first quarter. However, the majority of premium grade sponge, for…

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Tungsten

Outlook to 2028, 13th Edition

The tungsten market has recently witnessed several years of volatility and is currently undergoing another period of change. In early 2017, the refractory metal had just started to see the first signs of recovery following a downturn in its largest end use market, the cemented carbide sector, where demand had…

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