In 2015, China produced just over half of the world’s primary aluminium and its demand for Metallurgical bauxite & alumina has been increasing year-on-year.
Roskill’s new Metallurgical Bauxite & Alumina report forecasts aluminium demand in China to grow at over 7%py out to 2026 and answers the questions surrounding its future supply of raw materials.
Click below to view the Alcoa company profile. Roskill’s Alcoa company profile is just one example of the depth of detail available in the new Metallurgical Bauxite & Alumina report:
The top five metallurgical bauxite producers in 2015 were Australia, China, Brazil, Malaysia and India. In January 2014, Indonesia imposed a ban on the export of unprocessed ores and with this, China lost its main supplier of bauxite for use in smelter-grade alumina production. With Australia, India, the Dominican Republic and China unable to meet requirements for smelter alumina feedstock volumes, China turned its attention to Malaysia as a potential stopgap for bauxite supply. The South East Asian country exported close to 25Mt of bauxite to China in 2015. However, questions remain about the viability of Malaysia as a long-term answer to China’s bauxite shortage, with issues surrounding environmental concerns, unregulated mining and quality of the ore produced.
Commencing on 15 January 2016, a three-month moratorium on the mining of bauxite was introduced by the Malaysian government in an attempt to regulate mining practices and tackle pollution of its rivers and coastline. Exports have been granted during this period to clear existing stocks and free-up ports. Malaysian officials have warned that the country may consider extending the ban should mining companies fail to comply with new regulations.
The most significant smelter alumina-producing countries in 2015 were China, Australia, Brazil, India and the USA. In 2015 global production of alumina stood at 113Mt, an increase of over 8% on the previous year. With the outlook for aluminium production forecast by Roskill to grow at over 5%py globally, Roskill expects demand for smelter alumina to rise in tandem; with China accounting for much of the additional output.